Over 2 million acres in North Carolina are used for hay production each year. Statewide average price for alfalfa ranges from about $110 per ton to $125. Alfalfa, clover, oats, and bermudagrass are the forage crops on which diseases are of most concern. However, because of important agronomic issues, the relatively low economic value of hay crops, and the high costs or unavailability of fungicides, diseases are often overlooked or simply not addressed in means other than timely or early cutting. Most often diseases are a problem during prolonged wet seasons when leaf spots or stem rots become problems.