About 10,000 acres of apples are produced in North Carolina, ranking it 7th nationally. Historically more than 50% of the crop has been sold to processing and juice markets; however, over the past 5 years an increasing proportion is being sold through fresh market channels. Most apples are produced in the mountain counties. Delicious, Golden Delicious, and Rome are the primary varieties grown, but are being replaced by newer varieties such as Pink Lady, Jonagold, Goldrush, Fuji, and Honeycrisp.
Diseases are numerous and difficult to control in the warm and wet climate in the Southeast. At least 14 diseases affect the fruit and/or foliage causing significant losses each year. These diseases are managed through the use of cultural practices and a fungicide spray program.