North Carolina produces about 5 million pounds of pecans annually, ranking it in the top 10 states nationally. Most pecans are produced in southeastern North Carolina, but they are grown in small plantings throughout the Coastal Plain and Piedmont. The majority of fruit are sold in-shell to local accumulators or through local retail sales outlets. However, in recent years an increasing portion of the pecans produced in North Carolina are being shelled locally and sold through various market channels.
Scab is the most important pecan disease, causing significant losses during wet years. Because of the small size of most orchards and the high cost of orchard sprayers, few trees are sprayed with fungicides and growers rely on clean cultural practices and resistant varieties to minimize scab.